The Disability Standards for Education1 clarifies obligations under the DDA in relation to education and training. The effect of the Standards is to give students and prospective students with disability the right to education and training opportunities on the same basis as students without disability. This includes the right to comparable access to services and facilities and the right to participate in education and training unimpeded by discrimination, including stereotyped beliefs about the abilities and choices of students with disability. However, the measures may not cover all eventualities and compliance with them may not be sufficient to prevent discrimination.
The Standards cover:
- rights of students in relation to education and training
- responsibilities of education providers
- measures which if implemented will be evidence of compliance and provide a defence against litigation.
In addition each section of the Standards are accompanied by guidance notes which are intended to assist in interpreting them.
The DDA through the Disability Standards for Education requires providers to take reasonable steps to enable the student with disability to participate in education on the same basis as a student without disability, and specifically to ensure that:
- curriculum, teaching materials and assessment and certification requirements for the course or program are appropriate to the needs of the student and accessible to him or her
- course delivery modes and learning activities (including those not occurring in a classroom) take account of the learning capacities and needs of the student and are sufficiently flexible for the student to be able to participate
- where a course includes an activity in which the student cannot participate, an alternative activity is offered that provides an equivalent experience within the context of the overall aims of the course
- study materials are available in an appropriate format for the student and the student is not disadvantaged by the time taken for any conversion that is required
- teaching strategies are adjusted to meet the learning needs of the student and address any disadvantage in the student’s learning that results from his or her disability. This includes the provision of additional support or the development of disability-specific skills
- assessment procedures are adapted to enable the student to demonstrate the knowledge, skills or competencies being assessed.
Post-secondary education providers are also required to take reasonable steps to ensure that a student with disability is able to participate and use facilities and services on the same basis as a student without disability. If a student meets the essential entry requirements, then educators must make ‘reasonable adjustments’ to the course design or delivery to enable the student to have a fair chance of participating. Individual staff members can be held liable if it is found that they deliberately or inadvertently discriminated against a student.
2020 Review of the Disability Standards for Education - consultations now open
On 16 July 2020, public consultation commenced for the 2020 Review (the Review) of the Disability Standards for Education 2005 (the Standards). The Standards were established to ensure students with disability in Australia can access and participate in education and training on the same basis as students without disability.
The Australian Government Department of Education, Skills and Employment is undertaking a review of the Standards through an extensive community consultation process. The Standards are reviewed every five years to test if they are effective in achieving their objects and whether any improvements could be made. The consultations are open until Friday, 25 September 2020.
The Disability Standards for Education website and E-Booklet have been designed to help users understand important parts of the Disability Standards for Education. Whether you are a person with disability, an associate of a person with disability, or a person involved in the delivery of education, this website will help you understand some important parts of the Disability Standards for Education.
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Disability Standards for Education: A Practical Guide for Individuals, Families and Communities this resource aims to increase awareness and understanding of the Disability Standards for Education among individuals, families and communities throughout Australia.
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For more information on Disability Standards for Education
1 Commonwealth of Australia (2006). Disability Standards for Education 2005 plus Guidance Notes. Accessed on 19 November 2014. Retrieved from http://docs.education.gov.au/system/files/doc/other/disability_standards_for_education_2005_plus_guidance_notes.pdf
Added December 2014. Revised July 2020