Cardionics has released the first visual electronic stethoscope. It can amplify sound 30 times louder than an acoustic scope and it provides a visual display of the phonocardiogram or phonopneumogram. Visualization assists the listener in identifying the position of clicks, rubs, knocks, snaps or murmurs in the cardiac cycle.
AMPHL (US) provides information, promotes advocacy and mentorship, and creates a network for individuals with hearing loss interested in or working in health care fields. AMPHL also offers a Forum where questions are asked and answered on areas such as stethoscopes, assistive listening devices, phones, mobile communication, paging etc.
The Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) is the organisation responsible for the implementation of the national registration and accreditation scheme across Australia. It works with fourteen national health practitioner boards to do this. Information on registration for practitioners with disabilities and education provider responsibilities regarding student fitness to practice can be found here.
An article by C J M Poole, consultant occupational physician, D J Hill, optometrist, J L Christie, consultant histopathologist, J Birch, senior lecturer. The article (November 1997) reports on a study whose aim it was to determine whether histopathologists with deficient colour vision make more errors in slide interpretation than those with normal colour vision.
This US article reports that although the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 provide for reasonable accommodations in education, finding a medical school that complies with these laws is routinely difficult. (Original source: New Mobility Magazine. written by Tim Gilmer. March 2019)
Three physicians embracing their careers in medicine despite their disabilities, including a hearing impairment, paralysis and vision impairment respectively. Video by Proto Magazine: Dispatches from the Frontiers of Medicine, a publication of Massachusetts General Hospital. Video is captioned.
Disability Services at Western Sydney University (WSU) along with associated faculty, has developed a series of inherent requirement Statements. The inherent requirements outlined provide a guide for students and staff when deciding whether you are able to meet these requirements and the type of reasonable adjustments that could be put in place to allow you to complete the course without compromising the academic integrity of the course.
Inherent requirements have been developed for the following courses: (all links go to an external website)
- Bachelor of Applied Leadership and Critical Thinking
- Master of Art Therapy
- Bachelor of Community Welfare
- Graduate Diploma in Counselling
- Graduate Diploma in Cardiac Sonography
- Bachelor of Criminal and Community Justice
- Bachelor of Design
- Education and Teaching
- Interpreting and Translation
- Midwifery (undergraduate)
- Nursing (undergraduate)
- Nursing and Midwifery (postgraduate)
- Occupational Therapy
- Bachelor of Paramedicine
- Podiatric Medicine
- Master of Professional Psychology
- Master of Psychology (Clinical Psychology)
- Bachelor of Social Work
- Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)
Using tablet technology to link the sounds in the operating room to an off-site medical transcriptionist, a hearing impaired medical student is able to "listen" — in real time — to every word uttered by the surgeon performing the operation. Video included.
The Inherent Requirements for Studying Medicine in Australia and New Zealand has been developed by Medical Deans for use in professional entry level medical training with the aim of providing the greatest access for students with a disability while ensuring safe clinical training. Should a student have concerns about their capacity to meet the inherent requirements for studying medicine, discussion should take place about what adjustments may be necessary and reasonable. The Inherent Requirements document is a starting point for discussion between a school and an individual about the tasks and skills a student will need to be successful and how they will best achieve these outcomes.
The document has been provided to all medical schools as a guideline document and schools may choose whether they wish to adopt it as part of their local practice. The Inherent Requirements for Studying Medicine in Australia and New Zealand will be reviewed again in 2019.